Organic farming

Label organic

A product that carries an organic label (for example: AB, Bio Maroc, European organic label, USDA Organic, etc.), that is to say it comes from organic farming. The latter consists of respecting specifications to obtain an organic certificate.

What is organic farming?

Organic food products are grown under a system of agriculture without the use of harmful chemical fertilizers and pesticides with an environmentally and socially responsible approach. This is a method of farming that works at grass root level preserving the reproductive and regenerative capacity of the soil, good plant nutrition, and sound soil management, produces nutritious food rich in vitality which has resistance to diseases. In this method growing plants take time to grow naturally and always good for health. is the same way for animal production.

Organic: Multiple definitions, solo principle

"Agriculture biologique est un système de gestion de production holistique qui favorise et met en valeur la santé de l'agro-écosystème, y compris la biodiversité, les cycles biologiques et l'activité biologique des sols. Elle met en avant l'utilisation de pratiques de gestion de préférence à l'utilisation d'intrants provenant de l'extérieur de l'exploitation, prenant en compte le fait que les conditions régionales exigent des systèmes localement adaptés. Ceci s'accomplit en recourant, lorsque cela est possible, à des méthodes agronomiques, biologiques et mécaniques, par opposition à l'utilisation de matériaux synthétiques, pour remplir toute fonction spécifique dans le système."

Codex Alimentarius, l'Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) et de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé.

Organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved.
International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements.

Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that combines best environmental practices, a high level of biodiversity, the preservation of natural resources, the application of high animal welfare standards and a production method in line with the preference of certain consumers for products produced using natural substances and processes. The organic production method thus plays a dual societal role, where it on the one hand provides for a specific market responding to a consumer demand for organic products, and on the other hand delivers public goods contributing to the protection of the environment and animal welfare, as well as to rural development.

Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 The Council of the European Union

Recent history of a term, for a principle since always:

Defined since the 1920s, organic farming has been organized worldwide since 1972 (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements - IFOAM) and recognized since 1999 in the Codex Alimentarius, a joint program of the United Nations for Food and Agriculture (FAO) and the World Health Organization.

It became formalized under the influence of different currents. In Europe, there are three main currents, linked to different founders: the anthroposophic current in Germany (year 1920 with Rudolf Steiner), the movement for organic-organic farming in Switzerland (year 1930 with Hans Müller and Hans Peter Rusch) and the movement for organic farming in Great Britain (1940 with Sir Albert Howard). Organic production gradually became "institutionalized" from the 1980s in Europe.

The French appellation "agriculture biologique" appeared around 1950 as equivalent to the English expression organic farming, which appeared ten years earlier.

Since 1990, the market for food and other organic products has grown rapidly. This demand was accompanied by an increase in the area of agricultural land intended for organic farming.

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